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Wildlife of Europe Series - Belgium

Updated: Jul 14, 2023

Belgium may be renowned for its rich history, architecture, and chocolate, but it also boasts a diverse and fascinating wildlife that often goes unnoticed. Nestled in the heart of Europe, this small country is home to unique species and harbors conservation efforts aimed at preserving its natural heritage. In this article, we will explore the wildlife of Belgium, with a particular focus on conservation initiatives and the extraordinary species that call this region home.

Belgium's commitment to conservation is reflected in its protected areas and environmental policies. The country has established several nature reserves and national parks, ensuring the preservation of critical habitats and safeguarding wildlife populations. Among these, the Hoge Kempen National Park stands out as one of the largest nature reserves in Belgium, encompassing vast forests, heathlands, and unique ecosystems that support a wide array of flora and fauna.

The Flemish Region has been proactive in conservation efforts, implementing measures to protect endangered species and restore ecosystems. The Life+ Project, for instance, has been instrumental in conserving habitats and rehabilitating species such as the European tree frog and the European pond turtle. Furthermore, initiatives like "Natuurpunt" and "Natuur en Bos" work tirelessly to raise awareness, acquire land for conservation purposes, and engage local communities in nature conservation projects.

Species to be found in Belgium include:

European Badger (Meles meles): The European badger, an iconic mammal of Belgium, is known for its distinctive black and white facial markings. These elusive creatures can be found in forested areas and grasslands across the country. Efforts to protect their habitats have been instrumental in ensuring their survival.

European Badger (Credit: Tony_Morris / Flickr )

Hazel Dormouse (Muscardinus avellanarius): This tiny, arboreal creature is a true gem of Belgian wildlife. The hazel dormouse relies on well-preserved woodlands and hedgerows for its survival. These nocturnal animals are skilled climbers and build spherical nests known as dreys. Despite their adorable appearance, they face challenges due to habitat loss and fragmentation.

European Hamster (Cricetus cricetus): The European hamster, also known as the common hamster, is a rare and protected species in Belgium. These burrowing rodents inhabit agricultural landscapes and thrive in habitats with a diverse range of plants. Conservation projects aim to create suitable habitats and raise awareness among farmers to ensure the hamster's survival.

European Hamster (Credit: Wikimedia)

Bechstein's Bat (Myotis bechsteinii): Belgium's forests are home to the Bechstein's bat, an intriguing species that thrives in old-growth forests with abundant tree cavities. With its characteristic frequency-modulated calls, this bat navigates through the dense foliage in search of insects. Protecting and restoring mature forests is crucial for the long-term survival of this bat species.

Bechstein’s Bat (Credit:


Schelde Estuary: The Schelde Estuary, shared between Belgium and the Netherlands, is a vital ecosystem supporting an array of unique wildlife. It serves as a crucial stopover site for migratory birds during their journeys. Conservation efforts, such as wetland restoration and habitat management, have resulted in the recovery of bird populations and the return of species like the Eurasian spoonbill and the common seal.

Belgium may be a small country, but its commitment to wildlife conservation is significant. Through protected areas, collaborative initiatives, and public engagement, Belgium strives to preserve its natural heritage and safeguard its unique species. By focusing on the protection of habitats, restoration projects, and sustainable practices, Belgium's conservation efforts offer hope for the long-term survival of its remarkable wildlife. As we recognize the importance of biodiversity and ecological balance, let us support and celebrate the conservation endeavours.


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